Urban Heat Islands for the Emirate of Dubai

Dubai Municipality (DM) has conducted a study into the urban heat island effects in the emirate of Dubai. This study is part of the Climate Change Adaptation Strategy being developed to ensure Dubai is able to meet the challenges of climate change. The objectives of this study include identifying locations across Dubai where ambient temperatures are elevated as a result of uneven warming of surfaces.
The approach was based on a number of aerial surveys across the urban area during winter and summer months to build a thermal map of Dubai with reference to the underlying land use, topography, building typology, surface cover and population density. These aerial surveys were supplemented with more detailed examination of thermal conditions at specific locations supporting the recommendations of the study. Having identified the urban heat islands, the study has provided the insights and recommendations for avoiding and mitigating UHI effect through building design referencing the Dubai Green Building Code and urban planning in line with the Dubai Master Plan, aiming to build a happy and sustainable city.

Air Toxic Study and Particulate Matter Characterization in the Emirate of Dubai

Dubai has witnessed major infrastructure developments over the past decades. The progressive city has been substantially transforming and is now perceived as a successful urban development venture. This has, however, contributed to the air quality, and generation of toxic air pollutants (TAPs) and particulate matters (PMs). Prolonged exposures to these pollutants can cause serious health effects, and can be linked to neurological, cardiovascular, and respiratory diseases. By preventing pollution at its source, the quality of life can be improved, and safe and healthy environment maintained. This study aimed to develop a proactive program to reduce and eliminate the generation of TAPs and PMs, and their adverse impact on the environment. A detailed sampling program was carried out for the collection and chemical analysis of air samples. Sampling locations were selected covering different sources of TAPs and PMs based on the established criteria which include population exposure, inhabited urban areas, presence of sensitive receptors, and air-polluting activities (e.g. industrial, road traffic, airports). Based on the study results an action plan was developed to reduce the emissions and impacts from the air pollutants.


In support of the strategic visions of the Emirate of Dubai and the UAE, Dubai Municipality has embarked on a strategic initiative to develop a user-friendly Green industry regulations and practices guideline. This Guideline has been prepared to support Dubai’s industrial momentum while developing a framework that will reduce the industrial pollution contribution through the adoption of sustainable and environmentally friendly operations. Its main objective is to provide industrial establishments with a guidance document on relevant environmental regulations and permitting processes pursuant to Article 4 of Federal Law No. (24) of 1999. This Guideline will also offer advice to businesses on how to start their activities by introducing them to the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process, mandatory Environmental Clearance, and other relevant environmental permits that should be obtained prior to construction and maintained during the operation of industrial projects. Additionally, the Guideline directs businesses to the internationally acceptable Best Environmental Management Practices (BEMPs) that will allow organizations to perform beyond the mandatory requirements.


Dubai Municipality has developed the "Guidance on the Environmental Clearance (EC) Requirements for Development, Infrastructure, and Industrial Projects in the Emirate of Dubai" to provide project owners, company owners, and environmental consultants with a comprehensive guidance regarding the procedures and requirements to obtain an EC for development, infrastructure, and industrial projects in the Emirate of Dubai. The Guidance outlines the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) process tailored for Dubai's dynamic environmental and development settings, including comprehensive procedures on the necessary environmental baseline surveys and numerical modelling requirements to properly and effectively carry out an EIA. It also provides project categorization, per Federal Law No. 24 of 1999 and Cabinet Decree No. (27) of 2021, and based on this, Mandatory List of projects and Comprehensive List of categorised industrial activities required to be subjected to an EIA, as well as Exclusion List where EIA is not required, are created. The Guidance further defines the roles and responsibilities of the concerned EIA stakeholders and outlines the Guidelines for the Registration of Environmental Consultants in Dubai, including details on the minimum qualification requirements and evaluation criteria. The Guidance ensures that a well-informed decision-making process is in place and that the project implementation is consistent with the Strategic Visions.